The Santerno Valley is a suggestive territorial area located between the Tuscan and Romagna hills, characterized by a rare, if not unique, geological conformation that has historically made it the land of choice for a thriving agricultural tradition. The Santerno brand wants to pay homage to this land, enhancing and promoting its extraordinary singularity.
The first and most evident distinctive feature of this territory is represented by the possibility of identification two distinct altimetric and climatic bands: the mountain area, characterized by a cooler and progressively less humid climate, e the hilly area, in which, thanks to the so-called phenomenon of thermal inversion, you can enjoy even milder climatic conditions than the plain below.
The Santerno valley, however, hides a second, and perhaps even more important secret: a real treasure enclosed in the heart of the land from which all the magic of the aromas and flavors of the fruits of this territory radiate.
Almost 25 kilometers long and with an average width of 1 and a half, the Vein of Gypsum from Romagna it is certainly the most characteristic geological element of the valley, so much so that it aroused the interest of scholars already in the sixteenth century.
It represents the only entirely chalky geological formation that exists in Europe, whose formation can be traced back to 6 million years ago, during the era known as the Messinian. During this period there was a cyclical lowering of the level of the Mediterranean Sea, which was followed by a phenomenon of hypersalinity and a tendency to dry up, so as to form brackish pools in which large quantities of salts were concentrated, mainly gypsum and chlorides. This phenomenon occurred more than 15 times, from which the as many chalky banks derive - separated from each other by thin layers of clay and still easily recognizable - that make up the Vena, whose peculiarity however does not end with the mineral composition.
Walking along the chalky outcrops you come across large and small closed depressions: these are the Valli Cieche (or Doline) which represent the most characteristic elements of the karst landscape of the Vena del Gesso.
Thanks to their presence, the surface water is drained and conveyed in depth, where it feeds numerous underground streams that flow along tunnels, wells and other underground environments up to the resurgence located in calle of the karst formation. An important one is thus outlined underground water complex which, it is assumed - as its borders have not yet been defined with certainty - can extend for several kilometers.
But that's not all: among the geological characteristics of the Santerno Valley, the so-called "gaps in land"(Ie landslides) or"scaly clays", Older than the chalky-sulphurous formations of the Vena, formed by what remains, after a very long spatial and temporal journey, of the seabed of the ancient ocean that stretched where Liguria and Piedmont are today located. Some of these large clayey tongues can be seen interspersed within the marly-arenaceous formation, the oldest indigenous geological formation that emerges in the Valley.
Following the Mediterranean ecological crisis caused by the detachment of the entire sea and from which the Vena di Gesso emerged, in more recent geological eras there was then a second phase of clayey sedimentation: it is the moment of the formation of the so-called Blue clays (tuff) that cover over a third of the current surface of the Italian Peninsula and the subsoil of the entire Po Valley.
Thanks to this extraordinary geological history, the lands of the Santerno Valley have always offered not only a general, excellent fertility, but also a wonderful one variety of combinations among its different characteristics. Altitude, exposure, conformation and irrigation of the land vary in different degrees at a very short distance, composing countless agreements which, while in harmony, stand out for their singularity.
Based on the extraordinary score offered by this land, agriculture has therefore developed over the centuries as a sensational symphony that reaches its brightest cuti in the specific sector of viticulture. Undisputed protagonist of the rural tradition of the Santerno Valley, the wine it is in fact the product that perhaps best interprets the complex nature of this land, making it fully available to the senses of those who contemplate it.
In perfect balance between tradition and future, the Santerno Valley offers an extraordinary variety choice, enhanced by the coexistence of native vines - among which the king stand out Sangiovese and the queen Albana - and international grapes - such as Cabernet Sauvignon, the Merlot and it Chardonnay - which here find a brilliant interpretation in a traditional key.